WHEN Is The LORDS Passover

Which “Even” was it That God Commanded The Passover to be Observed?
(The 13th into The 14th , or The 14th into The 15th?)

Are we to commemorate “The Lord’s Passover” on the night that Jesus ate “The Last Supper” with His disciples- which The Bible tells us was the evening before The Passover of the Jews (The evening that began the 14th Day of Abib)?

Or, should it in fact be observed at the same time as the Jewish Passover? Which, again, is the 14th Day of The Month, and the same evening that begins the 15th Day of Abib?

This is a question that is the subject of endless speculation by many groups.
However, speculation is not required in order to know the answer to this question.
God tells us exactly when He expects “our Passover” to be observed.


Take note of the instructions for The Passover Service– God instructs on WHEN and HOW to keep each of His Holy commemorations, called Feasts.
Feasts is a Hebrew word “Mowed” which translated means “Appointed, Set-times, Festivals”
Deut. 16:1-7 (KJV)
Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
[2] Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place his name there. [3] Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread THEREWITH, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
[4] And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
[5] Thou mayest not sacrifice THE PASSOVER within any of thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee: [6] But at the place which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt. [7] And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the Lord thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
[8] Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: AND ON THE SEVENTH DAY shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.




Note v. 4 especially; speaking of The Passover Sacrifice here, it says:
“…which thou sacrificedst the first day AT EVEN, remain all night until the morning”

This is exactly what is commanded for the Passover Sacrifice back in Exodus 12:
Exodus 12:6-10 (KJV)
And ye shall keep it up until THE FOURTEENTH day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it IN THE EVENING.
[7] And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. [8] And they shall eat the flesh in THAT NIGHT, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. [9] Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. [10] And ye shall let NOTHING OF IT REMAIN UNTIL THE MORNING; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire……


Notice what the NASB (New American Standard Bible) translation notes here for this Scripture:
NASB: “+Lit., “BETWEEN the two evenings””

TWO evenings
We can note from Scripture (God’s Word) that there are TWO EVENINGS for every daya beginning and an ending:
Leviticus 23:32 (KJV)
It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest……from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.


God has instructed above to keep The LORD’S Passover ON The 14th Day of Abib (The First Month), YET “BETWEEN the two evenings” of that particular day (the 14th).


However, this point should not settle the issue for anyone, since it is not a good idea to rely on a mere note in any Bible for basing an answer to a question (reliance should be on what you read IN The Word). Afterall, The Scripture was translated as, “in the evening” (KJV), and “at twilight” (NASB). So, let’s go based on WHAT IS WRITTEN in The Word…


Let’s examine some other Scriptures where God discusses the WHEN and HOW of keeping this particular holy observance of Passover. In doing so, our Faith In The Word of God as Truth tells us that we should be able to prove WHICH “evening” of The Fourteenth Day God was commanding us to hold as holy.


Notice:
Exodus 12:18 (KJV)
…In the first month, on The Fourteenth Day of the month AT EVEN, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month AT EVEN.

Notice here that The Holy Days of “Unleavened Bread” ALSO BEGAN on this same, “Fourteenth Day of the month AT EVEN… The same exact starting time being declared… This is one clue as to WHICH “even” God meant for Passover to be observed.


Yet, we’ll have to come back to this particular Scripture later, since there is an EVEN CLEARER and MORE PRECISE Scriptures that tells us EXACTLY WHEN to observe The Passover of The LORD.
It is a Scripture we’ve already covered, and yet perhaps missed a few very important detailed commands that God HIMSELF put there for us:

Deut. 16:1-7 (KJV)
Observe the month of Abib, and keep THE PASSOVER unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.


God is definitely speaking of The Passover observance in this Scripture-and here is speaking of The Passover sacrificial lamb and the service:

[2] Thou shalt therefore SACRIFICE THE PASSOVER unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place his name there. [3] Thou shalt eat NO LEAVENED BREAD with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread THEREWITH, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.


Notice how God is mingling here The Passover observance with the holy Days of Unleavened Bread?…
It is here, in verses 4 and 6, that CLEAR PROOF is found for anyone who wished to know WHICH “even”:

[4] And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast SEVEN days; NEITHER shall there any thing of the flesh, WHICH THOU SACRIFICEDST THE FIRST DAY AT EVEN, remain all night until the morning. [5] Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee: [6] But at the place which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover AT EVEN, AT THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.


Two points here are undeniable for anyone interested in following The Truth (The Word of God), and not men:
– In speaking of The Passover sacrifice, the words were, “…which you sacrificed THE FIRST DAY at even”… This should lead to a question– First Day of what? {Notice the direct link of Passover with that of the Seven Days of Unleavened Bread, in the, “eat no leavened bread WITH IT; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread THEREWITH”



– The second point is about verse 6… The commandment says plainly: “AT EVEN, AT THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN”… If it is to be observed at the going down of the sun, then it cannot be on the 13th Day’s going down of the sun.



So, there it is, IN WRITING. “At the going down of the sun”… coupled with “The First Day, at even” being given as the time at which you sacrificed the lamb. There is nothing else needed then- God has spoken it.

Quick summary of points:

>>      “…ye shall keep it up UNTIL THE FOURTEENTH DAY of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it IN THE EVENING”


* NASB Note: + Lit. “Between the two evenings”

>>      “neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst THE FIRST DAY AT EVEN, remain all night until the morning”

>>      “SEVEN days shalt thou eat unleavened bread THEREWITH”–

Therewith (along with) the Passover Sacrifice UNLEAVENED bread was to be eaten, AND “THEREWITH” shall you eat UNLEAVENED Bread for “SEVEN DAYS”

In all of these Scriptures, we can see clearly that the numbering of the “Seven Days” to The Feast of Unleavened Bread was TO BEGIN WITH the observance of The Passover sacrifice (“on the fourteenth day of the month, at even”) and The Passover meal (“shall eat it that night”), just as the Jews do to this day (according to The Law of Moses).
The Passover MEAL was commanded to be eaten “that night”– that is, after sunset of the day on which you kill The Passover lamb (identified in Scripture as,”The FIRST DAY” of The Festival- The First Day of Unleavened Bread)…

When we examine Exodus 12, and combine it with what we’ve just noted in Deuteronomy 16, the question of WHEN The Passover was to be kept IS CLEAR…

It is simply a matter of reading what God instructs and obeying THAT. And that reading and obeying GOD’S instruction is what TRUE doctrine for The Church is defined as being:

2 Tim. 3:15-4:3 (KJV)
And that from a child thou hast known The Holy Scriptures, WHICH ARE ABLE TO MAKE THEE WISE UNTO SALVATION THROUGH FAITH which is in Christ Jesus.
[16] All Scripture IS given by inspiration of God, AND is PROFITABLE FOR DOCTRINE, for REPROOF, for CORRECTION, for INSTRUCTION in righteousness: [17] That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.
[4:1] I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; [2] Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. [3] For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

1 Tim. 4:16 (KJV)
Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

Philip. 2:15-16 (KJV)
That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; [16] HOLDING FORTH THE WORD OF LIFE; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.




The True “Passover of The LORD” was TO BE KILLED just as God commanded:


– on “The Fourteenth Day of The First month, AT Even”
“AT the going down of the sun”
“The First Day at even”
Between the two evenings of The Fourteenth Day of Abib; said to be just before the ending sunset for that day

Thus, Christ fulfilled the role as The Passover Lamb as the required sacrifice- and His blood becomes the redeeming blood of The Passover Lamb.

1 Cor. 5:6-8 (KJV)
…Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? [7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: [8] THEREFORE LET US KEEP THE FEAST, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but WITH the unleavened bread of SINCERITY AND TRUTH.

The Gospels back up The Law of God For WHEN Passover was to be Observed (Jesus fulfills The Law AS “Our Passover”):


Jesus is clearly shown, by God’s Word, to have FULFILLED the role as “our Passover”, “Lamb of God”:
John 1:29 (KJV)
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold THE LAMB OF GOD, which taketh away the sin of the world……
……[36] And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold THE LAMB OF GOD!




Jesus fulfilled His role as The Lamb of God sacrifice in the same hills as God instructed Abraham to sacrifice his only son to Him, the hill of Moriah:


Genesis 22:2 (KJV)
And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.



And, in which hills of Moriah The Temple Mount was placed:
2 Chron. 3:1 (KJV)
Then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord at Jerusalem IN MOUNT MORIAH, where the Lord appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.


* Jesus suffered just outside the gate… Very NEAR to Jerusalem and The Temple itself.



Hebrews 13:11-12 (KJV)
For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. [12] WHEREFORE Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.






John 19:17-20 (KJV)
And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: [18] Where they crucified him……
……[19] And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. [20] This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.


Jesus is clearly shown to fulfill the prophecies of The Law (“all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.”), concerning God’s Passover Lamb offering that was to be offered.


He did so ACCORDING TO THE SCRIPTURES (- The Law and The Prophets):
1 Cor. 15:3-4 (KJV)
For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; [4] And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures




Isaiah 53:5 (KJV)
But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed……
……[10] Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. [11] He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. [12] Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.



Psalm 16:8-10 (KJV)
I have set the Lord always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. [9] Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. [10] For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; NEITHER WILT THOU SUFFER THINE HOLY ONE TO SEE CORRUPTION.



Hosea 6:2 (KJV)
AFTER two days will he revive us: IN THE THIRD DAY he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

* Remember, “Now ye are The Body of Christ”



Jonah 1:17 (KJV)
Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.


Matthew 12:40 (KJV)
For AS JONAS was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; SO SHALL THE SON OF MAN BE three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.


Seeing then that God fulfills all of these things through His Messiah Offering, it is fitting and right that BOTH God and Jesus openly OBSERVED and FULFILLED the exact time for The Passover Service (“…in its season…On the Fourteenth day, at even…”):

Mark 15:33-34 (KJV)
And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. [34] And AT THE NINTH HOUR Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?




– NASB Note for “ninth hour”: “I.e., 3 p.m.


This would have been during the hour that falls between 3 p.m. to 4 p.m, when Jesus cried out, and is stabbed, and bleeds to death (“at even”, with sunset being around 5-6 p.m. in the spring)…



Matthew 27:46-50 (NASB)

And ABOUT THE NINTH HOUR Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” [47] And some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, began saying, “This man is calling for Elijah.” [48] And immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink. [49] But the rest of them said, “Let us see whether Elijah will come to save Him.”
**[50] And JESUS CRIED OUT AGAIN WITH A LOUD VOICE, and yielded up His spirit.

** KJV Note for v.49:”+Some early manuscripts add “And another took a spear and pierced His side, and there came out water and blood;”– cf. John 19:34.




John 19:33-36 (KJV)

But when they came to Jesus, and saw that HE WAS DEAD ALREADY, they brake not his legs:
[34] But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
[35] And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.
[36] For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken…




Exodus 12:46 (KJV)

(The Law of God for The Passover Lamb Sacrifice)
“…In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house;
neither shall ye break a bone thereof
.








There is scriptural proof for what was so special about this “even”:


John 18:28-29 (KJV)
Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat THE PASSOVER.
[29] Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?



– Passover was coming that “even”


And yet, notice too that by John’s own account here, THIS was not just Passover, BUT ALSO an “even” that would begin a special “Sabbath”, and “an High Day”)…
John 19:30-31 (KJV)
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. [31] The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (FOR THAT SABBATH DAY WAS AN HIGH DAY,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.




And as well in Matthew’s account–

Matthew 27:62 (KJV)
Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, [63] Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. [64] Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure UNTIL THE THIRD DAY, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.


According to Matthew the previous day was The Preparation Day for a Sabbath– John clearly tells us that THAT was to be a special Sabbath (not the weekly Sabbath)– but, “an high day” (an Holy Day).


So, THIS particular “even” was ALSO to mark the beginning of THE FIRST DAY of Unleavened Bread– since, “the next day” would be “an High Day”.

The Gospels prove out The Law of God for WHEN The Passover commemoration should be observed!

Thankfully, God did not leave us to the speculations of men, but has faithfully preserved HIS commands and instructions for Passover to this day!

It merely requires our faithful adherence to The Word of God:

2 Tim. 3:15-17 (KJV)

And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. [16] All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: [17] That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

Romans 15:4-5 (KJV)

For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, THAT WE through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
[5] Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to be likeminded one toward another ACCORDING TO Christ Jesus

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